Writer Bisma Khan
Life of Hazrat Abu-Bakar Siddiq (R.A) Life
Spirit is a person’s inner self; it is a non-physical part of a person, the soul. Spirit is the creation of Allah. Allah blessed humans with spirit (Ruh). The soul is an obscure part of the human body.
“وَیَسْاٴَلُونَکَ عَنْ الرُّوحِ قُلْ الرُّوحُ مِنْ اٴَمْرِ رَبِّی”
“And my messenger if they ask you concerning the Spirit, then say: This is a command of my Lord.”
Past and present commentators have said a lot about the meaning of “soul” and the interpretation of this verse, we will first discuss the meaning of “soul” in terms of vocabulary, and we will also narrate the traditions narrated in this regard. The word “soul” actually means “soul” and “running”. Some lexicographers have explained that “soul” and “wind” are derived from the same meaning. And the human soul, which is a permanent and abstract gem, is so named because it is like the soul and the air in terms of movement, life and invisibility. In the Qur’an al-Hakim, the word has come in a different and varied form. In Surah Al-Baqarah it is stated:
<وَآتَيْنَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَاٴَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ (1)
“And we gave clear signs to Essa, son of Maryam, and supported him with the Holy Spirit.”
Now the question arises, what is meant by soul? What kind of spirit is this that some people have asked the Holy Prophet about? And he said to them: The soul is of the command of my Lord and you have only a little knowledge. The addition of the soul here is an expression of greatness towards God and means that God has given mankind a great and divine holy spirit. From the internal and external contexts of the verse, it seems that the questioners have asked about the human soul, the same great soul that separates man from animals, our best honour, the source of all our power and activity. So they wanted to know the truth of this wonder of the universe.
There is no doubt that man is different from stone because we feel that we are different from inanimate beings but also from plants. We think we intend, we love and hate, and so on. But rocks and plants do not have these feelings, so there is a fundamental difference between us and them and the reason is the human soul. Neither materialists nor anyone else denies the existence of the soul and spirit, which is why they consider psychology and psychoanalyze to be a positive science. The nafs and the soul are not two separate realities, but two different stages of the same reality, where the relation of the soul to the body is discussed and the effect is expressed against them. The word nafs is used, And where the effects of the soul apart from the body are discussed, the word “soul” is used, in short, no one denies that we do not have a reality called soul and nafs. The soul does not exist and cannot exist without the body.
What is Spirituality?
Belief in spirituality is found in almost all religions. Spirituality means, from a religious point of view, that through worship and asceticism, man reaches the stage of purity and purity, where his outward as well as inward enlightenment. As a noble creature, man is superior to all other creatures, including angels, jinns, etc., but this term is really only for those human beings who, in the love of Allah, turn away from all worldly blessings for the sake of Allah, and being selfless from all sides, they make the axis and purpose of their life merely pleasing to God. Such people are called saints in Islam, saints in Christianity, gurus in Sikhism and incarnations in Hinduism. To understand the importance of spirituality, it is important to know that spirituality is not the name of amulets, doctrines, or prayers, but to establish a real connection with the real Creator, not only outwardly, but inwardly, by becoming acquainted with the reality of the soul. The most important thing in the spiritual journey is true devotion and the courage to see the reality beyond the physical existence of everything. Sadly, nurturing and educating these qualities has not always been on the list of secular sciences. That is why there are so few people in human history who are full of spiritual experiences. Spirituality is not just about Islam or any one religion, but the experience of man’s oneness with his Creator. The roots of this experience lie in the natural curiosity of human consciousness.
“The spiritual journey is the unlearning of fear and the acceptance of love.”
The experience of spirituality began as soon as man opened his eyes to consciousness, and religions began much later when human society had taken its full form. The great experience of spirituality brings man so close to the truth that he involuntarily cries out, “I am,” meaning that in his consciousness there is nothing but the real Creator, even the realization of his own self. Doesn’t stay.
In Surah Al-Mujadilah, it is stated:
<اٴُوْلَئِکَ کَتَبَ فِی قُلُوبِہِمْ الْإِیمَانَ وَاٴَیَّدَہُمْ بِرُوحٍ مِنْہُ
“Allah has written faith in the hearts of the believers and has confirmed it by His special spirit”
Life of Hazrat Abu-Bakar Siddiq (R.A)
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq’s name is Abdullah bin Usman bin Amir Bin Amr bin Ka’b bin Tim bin Mara bin Ka’b. There are six lineages in your lineage up to Marah bin Ka’b. Going to Mara bin Ka’b, the lineage of the Abu-Bakar Siddiq (R.A) is related to the lineage of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). His surname is Abu-Bakar. His tribe was very large and wealthy and he was also skilled in all matters of camels, so he became known as “Abu Bakr”. You are called Abu Bakr because you have priority in every matter in the Ummah of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Two titles of him are more famous:
In Islam, you were first awarded the title of Atique. It is narrated from Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqah (R.A) that one day I was in my house, the Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions used to visit the courtyard. Suddenly, my father, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (R.A) came and the Holy Prophet (PBUH) said to his companions:
“Whoever wants to see a person free from hell let him see Abu Bakr.”
- Acceptance of Islam
Hazrat Syedna Abu Bakr Siddiq’s Islam was like a divine revelation, as if he had gone to Syria for trade, there he had a dream which he narrated to a monk named “Bahira”. He asked you: Where did you come from? ”He said:“ From Mecca ”. He then asked: “Which tribe do you belong to?” He said: “From the Quraysh”. He asked: “What do you do?” He said: I am a businessman. The monk said: If Allah Almighty makes your dream come true, He will send a prophet among your people, you will be his minister in his life and his successor after his death. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq kept this incident a secret. When the government of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) announced his prophet hood, he presented the same incident to him as evidence. Upon hearing this, he hugged the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and kissed his forehead and said: “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that you belong to Allah are true messengers.
- Spouses and children
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) has four wives. He had two marriages in Makkah and two in Madinah. From these marriages he had three sons and three daughters. The family of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) has an honour which no other Muslim family has got except this family.
- Relationship with Ahlul Bayt
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) never allowed any reduction in the service of Ahlul Bayt from the time of his life till his death. His special love for the Ahl al-Bayt continued to pass on to his descendants and he established a strong bond with the Ahl al-Bayt.
It is narrated from Hazrat Syeda Anissa that Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq lived in our neighbourhood three years before he became the caliph and one year after he became the caliph. The girls of the neighbourhood used to bring their goats to you. You used to give them milk for their comfort. When he was made caliph, a girl from the neighbourhood came to him and said: Now that you have become caliph, you will not give us milk. He said: Why not? I will still give you milk and I am sure by the grace of Allah that there will be no change in my attitude towards you.
- Attributes of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (R.A) is blessed to be free from the errors, wrong customs, morals and social evils spread around him, as well as to be endowed with good qualities. Due to his high virtues, he was looked upon with love and respect in Makkah and its vicinity. It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Suleiman bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“There are three good qualities and when Allah intends good for someone, He creates a quality in him and because of this He admits him to Paradise.”
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (R.A) said: “O Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)! Do I have any of these qualities in me? “
He said: “O Abu Bakr! You have all these qualities in you.”
- Pride of faith
Under normal circumstances, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) was very gentle and it seemed that he was not familiar with harshness, resentment and anger. He spoke softly but was very proud and very strict in the matter of Islam. He used to get very angry at the satirical remarks of the Jews and the hypocrites of Madinah, but even if he was ever insulted by his close relatives in the presence of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). So I would have reacted strongly to it. Abu Qahafa, the father of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) once (before accepting Islam) uttered obscene words in honour of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), then Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) pushed him so hard that he fell down. Later, he narrated the whole story to the Holy Prophet (PBUH). The Holy Prophet (PBUH) asked: O Abu Bakr! Did you really do that Asked: Yes! He said: Do not do this again. He said: O Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)! If I had a sword at that time, I would have beheaded them.